exercises due: calendar week 40 (last lesson of the week)
Complete each sentence below with a noun, verb or adjective formed from one of the words on the right. You may need a dictionary
to find the correct words. Copy the complete (!) sentences into your folders.
People are CONSUMING oil much faster than the earth can produce it. Oil is not a sustainable resource.
The university of Purdue in the US is famous for its communication department. Not surprisingly you can also find good texts on communication on their website. With regards to persuation, they state that "there are three types of rhetorical appeals, or persuasive strategies, used in arguments to support claims and respond to opposing arguments. A good argument will generally use a combination of all three appeals to make its case.
Logos or the appeal to reason relies on logic or reason. Logos often depends on the use of inductive or deductive reasoning.
Inductive reasoning takes a specific representative case or facts and then draws generalizations or conclusions from them. Inductive reasoning must be based on a sufficient amount of reliable evidence. In other words, the facts you draw on must fairly represent the larger situation or population.[...]
Deductive reasoning begins with a generalization and then applies it to a specific case. The generalization you start with must have been based on a sufficient amount of reliable evidence. [...]
Ethos or the ethical appeal is based on the character, credibility, or reliability of the writer. There are many ways to establish good character and credibility as an author:
Pathos, or emotional appeal, appeals to an audience's needs, values, and emotional sensibilities. Argument emphasizes reason, but used properly there is often a place for emotion as well. Emotional appeals can use sources such as interviews and individual stories to paint a more legitimate and moving picture of reality or illuminate the truth. For example, telling the story of a single child who has been abused may make for a more persuasive argument than simply the number of children abused each year because it would give a human face to the numbers.
Only use an emotional appeal if it truly supports the claim you are making, not as a way to distract from the real issues of debate. An argument should never use emotion to misrepresent the topic or frighten people."
"If we don't do anything about the problem of climate change, our children will have to pay the price."
Now, which Conditional Sentence was that again? One? Two? Three? Check out the rules section and then do the following excercises:
CLICK HERE and do excercises 1, 2 and 4. For ex.1 you don't have to copy the sentences. For the rest, you do :)